Research day: Deciding in an uncertain future, a plural view

Spring Scientific Day of Axis 2 "Organizations": contracts, institutions, risks

Organizers: Jordan VAZQUEZ, Jérôme MAATI, Antoine MASINGUE

Presentation 1

Speaker: Sylvain Petit
Title: Covid-19 Security Certification Adoption and Pricing Strategy in the Hospitality Industry

Summary: The tourism industry has voluntarily taken several initiatives to build customer confidence in response to the Covid-19 pandemic. For example, in the hotel industry, three different strategies have been implemented: (1) not sending a Covid-19 safety signal; (2) sending a moderate signal through a charter; or (3) sending a strong signal through a label. This study aims to identify the main determinants of hotels' choice among these strategies and analyze the influence of their choice on pricing policy. We estimate three simultaneous equations (hotel price, star rating, Covid-19 safety signal) on a sample of 418 rated hotels in the Hauts-de-France region. The results are consistent with the idea that managers implementing safety signal strategies are more concerned with recovery time after a lockdown.

Presentation 2

Speaker: Didier Lhomme
Title: The decision, elaboration process and legitimacy

Summary: It is often presented,  in public law, the decision, as the act noting the relationship of a legitimate and accepted constraint (Weber)  reaching  one or more addressees (top down), which the law denotes the subjects of law. This  empirical and anchored  observation must, however, be measured against the powerful effects of sociology and  of a contemporary semiology  in order not to put on the clothes of arbitrariness  and to inscribe itself thereby in the acceptable: general or particular. A first look at the specificity of international negotiation between States, now non-exclusive actors on the international scene, and to foresee that this sequence  The first part of this paper will focus on the specificity of international negotiation between States, now non-exclusive actors on the international scene, and will show that this sequence, which has been skilfully confined by diplomats to the political field over time, includes many legal aspects or induced regulations that mark out the result obtained under the principle of legal security as well as a principle of good faith and mutual trust. The second look will focus on the emergence of new paradigms of governance that are supposed to be virtuous in the decision-making process, which are called good governance and good administration (Lhomme, Dela Rosa, Annamarija Musa, Kopric), technical processes in which it seems possible to insert indicators of impact and evaluation of the decision, creating  thus a form of  bottom up , and in an even more sophisticated way evolving towards a vertical  or even horizontal subsidiarity ( see also the question of the European Citizens' Initiative).

The decision-maker, according to his perception of the effectiveness of his decision, according to his own institutional nature, according to the final acceptance of  his decision by the addressee(s), is confronted  with choices  and methods of elaborating the decision, and must imbue himself with an explicit or implicit procedure of compliance, that is to say weigh the and the risks on the chain of the elements  of  his decision. Some see this as a form of administrative democracy.

Presentation 3

Speaker : Jordan Vazquez
Title : Situational awareness in a big data environment : the case of an information and command center of the French National Police

In France, the informational context of the national police force has been greatly enriched over the past few years, which is why we consider that these actors are now evolving within a dense and heterogeneous informational environment, made up of a set of information systems (and/or technologies) that are not or only slightly integrated, which we call a big data environment(Godé, Lebraty, & Vazquez, 2019). The research question of this article is how does big data environment impact situational awareness? This research realizes a focus on three particular situations encountered by the supervisor of a command center of the National Police of Bouches du Rhône : The burglary of a bar/tobacco shop, the unfolding of an undeclared demonstration, the formation of a risky crowd movement in front of a college. The main theoretical contribution of this research concerns the proposal of an extended version, adapted to big data environments, of the Situational Awareness model initially developed by Endsley. The results of the study allow us to highlight the appearance of an anchoring bias at the very beginning of the decision-making process, which affects all the information exploitations carried out afterwards. In the field, this may result in the implementation of inappropriate action.